This manual and accompanying exercise disk provide materials for self-instruction in music fundamentals using the computer application Band-in-a-Box v. 6.0 or higher. Band-in-a-Box® is a trademark of PG MUSIC INC., 266 Elmwood Ave., Unit 111, Buffalo NY 14222.
I have relied on THE HARVARD DICTIONARY OF MUSIC, ed. Don Randel, the Belknap Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1986 for many definitions in this manual. Any errors are my own.
Read each lesson up to the point where the manual explains how to do the exercises. Then, use the computer to do each exercise while referring to this manual for assistance.
This course covers the fundamentals of music notation, chord spelling, chord progression, and melodic composition in tonal music.
Tonal music consists of chords and melodies spelled from successive major and minor scales. Tonal music exhibits the principles of tonic-dominant harmony.
The same scale is used to spell chords and melodies at the beginning and end of a composition. Elsewhere in the composition, other scales may be used to spell immediately successive chords and melodies.
The melody and chord at each point in the music is spelled from the same major or minor scale. Each chord is spelled from alternate scale-steps of that scale. Each melodic tone is a scale-step in that scale.
This system of musical organization became popular about 1650. Most music performed today is tonal music.
Tonal music may also include tones spelled from the chromatic scale; but in most cases, chords are spelled from the immediate major or minor scale at that point in the music.
If BIAB is not on your hard disk, follow the installation instructions in the BIAB Manual and install BIAB on your hard disk.
Copy the exercise folder on the disk with this manual to the BIAB folder on your hard disk. The exercise folder must be inside the BIAB folder.
Double-click the Band-in-a-Box icon on your hard disk.
For brevity, directions in this manual indicate screen clicks. Consult the BIAB manual and BIAB Help for pull-down menu or key combinations that duplicate these actions.
Find the row of buttons immediately below the screen piano keyboards.
Click Open. A list of BIAB folders and files appears. Double-click the folder named exercise. On the file selection screen, click and hold down the arrow at the bottom of the scroll bar. Scroll to the bottom of the list and double-click oldfolks.mgk.
A chord chart - a list of the chords - or a lead sheet - the music for Old Folks at Home with chord names above the notes - appears on the screen.
A lead sheet is a five-line music staff with the song melody on the staff, chord names indicated above the staff, and words below the staff.A BIAB lead sheet has a grand staff instead of a single staff.
A grand staff is a treble five-line staff with a bass five-line staff below it.If there is a recorded melody, there are notes on the BIAB grand staff. Otherwise, the grand staff is empty.
Watch the vertical black bar in the gray area immediately above the staff. The vertical black bar jumps to the barline at the beginning of each measure. Follow the vertical black bar and the music below it.
In BIAB v. 7 (PC), the playing note is highlighted.
Click Open, scroll down and double-click a new song file.
Refer to the Appendix for scale and chord spelling as you complete an exercise.
The Appendix contains all exercise scales and chords.
Consult the Index to find topics and exercises by page.
Each lesson explains how to complete exercises under What Do I Do? Look in the Index and find the exercise that you are completing. Read HOW TO COMPLETE... carefully.
Click here to go on to Lesson 1.Click here to return to www.musicstudy.com home page
© H. Gilbert Trythall